Persians Are Not Arabs


The music of each nation is like a mirror in which the social situation, the change and the decline of society can be observed. Iranians have long since had a great deal of passion for music. The Persian music lost its previous flourishing in the after Islamic era. However, during the Qajar period, with the efforts of Amir Kabir, the music of Iran was greatly revived and, with the help of the musicians of that time, compiled a reference for Iranian music.


The national music of Iran is a collection of melodies and songs that have been created in this land for many centuries, reflecting the ethical features of the political, social and geographical events of a nation that have great and lasting history. 


Persian music consists of a few different styles:

Pop music
Traditional music
Symphonic music
Ritual music


The assemblage includes above 200 melodic movements which are named Gusheh, and are categorized into seven modes more commonly known as “Dastgah”. Persian traditional music consists of seven instruments and five or six songs from their belongings:

Shour Dastgah (containing 15 Gusheh)
Homayoun Dastgah (includes 12 Gusheh)
Mahoor Dastgah (includes 20 Gusheh)
4gah Dastgah (including 10 Gusheh)
3gah Dastgah (including 10 Gusheh)
Nava Dastgah (includes 14 Gusheh)
Rastpanjgah Dastgah (including 14 Gusheh)


Among the Iranian musical Dastgah, Shour is ever greater. The most important way of recognizing and enjoying Iranian Dastgah and songs is long, scientific, and professional education of this type of music. Frequent exercises and various performances also help. In this case, by hearing a short section of each piece, the type of Dastgah and Gusheh will be specified.


Iranian original instruments

In general, Iranian instruments are divided into three categories:
A) stringed instruments, b) wind instruments, c) percussion instruments, d) keyboards instruments

String instruments
String instruments are those musical instruments in which sound is produced from vibration wire, such as tar,3tar, santour and .

Wind instrument
the instrument is said to produce sound through air blown. Such as: straw, horn, and trumpet

Percussion instruments
the percussion instruments are a building where the sound is created by knocking, shaking, rubbing or scratching. The main task of the instruments is usually to perform the rhythm, but they also have the ability to perform the melody, such as: Daf, Daryeh, Tonbak, .

Keyboard instruments
the keyboard instruments are used to play the keyboard. The most well known instrument is piano.


Percussion instruments are more ancient than wind instruments and strings. To choose a musical instrument, there are many factors that should be taken into consideration, such as the musical preferences of each person, the amount of available budget, the space occupied by each instrument, the personality traits of each person, the ease of transportation and the potential Every instrument"s job.


Iranian food culture is an attractive and interesting part of their cultural relations. In Iran, food is highly respected and the tablecloth (Sofreh), where it serves, is worth a lot. Persian food has a lot of fans with a special color and aroma everywhere in the world. The popular belief in food culture in Iran is that food is God"s blessings. Hence, disrespect to food is equivalent disrespect to the Creator.


Additionally, it is very enjoyable to eat together for the Iranian people. Tablecloths, as the place where people get together three times a day, are very valuable to the Iranian food culture and individually eating a kind of disrespect for family members and it is considered to be a disadvantage in family relationships. But nowadays, due to the expansion of fast food and change in the style of Iranian food, their cultures have changed and many Iranian people use the dining table instead of the Sofreh.


In Iran, most foods are served on a plate with spoons and forks. But foods such as omelettes and all types of cutlets are foods that should be sliced into bread when they are called "mouthfuls."

Persian dishes are diverse and have a balanced nature in which each food should be consumed with its moderating food. For example, rice is cold and vegetables like mint, turkey and basil are warm. Hence, a vegetable basket that contains several different types of warm- nature vegetables is often found on Iranian tablecloths and has become an inseparable part of the Iranian food culture. Iranians are skilled chefs and often cook with these important points.


Good and bad food habits of Iranians

One of the good habits of Iranian people in the past was that they ate dinner immediately after sunset, and maintained a 2.5-hour interval between meals and sleep, which made digestion easy. Also, the consumption of fresh vegetables among Iranian people is very common and one of the main members of the Sofreh was considered food. Of course, at the moment, these good habits are popular among Iranians, but less than the past.

But the Iranian food culture, like other nations, has all the bad features as well. Including the high consumption of fatty and salty foods and Fry too much foods that cause many digestive diseases.


Prohibited foods in Iran

Some foods are forbidden in the Iranian food culture. For example, pork foods, as well as alcoholic beverages, have no place in Iranian tablecloth because of religious beliefs.





Undoubtedly, one of the most important symbols of Iranian culture and identity is Persian carpets. This is a very beautiful and valuable art of many years, tied to the name of Iran and is the result of the artist hands of the people of this land.

From the past, the carpet has enjoyed a special status among Iranians, as one of the main items in the decoration of Iranian homes. In the past, the use of furniture and chairs in Iranian homes was not so common and used only for the upper floors of society. For this reason, most Iranians used carpets as a cover for their homes.


History of Persian Carpet

Although the date of the beginning of the carpet"s texture is not well known, and it is unclear that carpet’s texture began which area, but most historians and archaeologists are united, Iranians are among the first ethnic groups who started carpet weaving. But the Safavian period should be considered as the period of Iranian carpet flourishing. During the Safavian period, due to the interest of the kings of this era, especially Shah Abbas Safavi, in Iranian culture and art, the carpet industry was booming and reached its peak. Shah Abbas established a workshop Carpet weaving, along with its royal palaces; direct the weavers to ensure their texture quality and elegance.


According to the website of the International Carpet Association, the oldest carpet in the world, Pazirik carpet, is an entirely Iranian Achaemenid work, which is now held at the Armitage Museum of Russia. There is an innumerable evidence of the Iranianity of this carpet; the horses and the yellow-colored Persian Deer and Gazelle, all related to Is a special Iranian race. Also, the style of work (knitting) is in Iran"s carpet weaving. If we accept Pazirik as the oldest Iranian carpet, the carpet weaving date in Iran dates back to 500 BC, more than 2,000 years ago.


Carpet weaving is common in almost all Iranian cities, and most Iranian women have enjoyed this beautiful art. But cities like Tabriz, Kashan and Kerman are among the oldest carpet centers in Iran. In 2014, the city of Tabriz became the world"s capital for world carpet by UNESCO.



The Persian Gulf is a canal that runs along the Oman Sea and between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. Its area is 237,473 square kilometers, followed by the Gulf of Mexico and the Hudson Gulf, the third largest gulf in the world.

The historical name of this gulf, in different languages, has been translated as "Persian Gulf" or "Pars Sea". Also in all international organizations the official name of the Gulf is Persian Gulf, but some Arab countries call it the Arabian Gulf or simply the Gulf. International water organization uses the name "Persian Gulf" for this gulf.


History of Gulf Genesis

Geologists believe that about five hundred thousand years ago, the first Persian Gulf was formed along the southern plains of Iran, and over time, it became a constant form due to changes in the internal and external structure of the earth. Persian Gulf at the beginning was very extensive so that by the end of the third period of geology most of the plains of Borazjan, Behbahan and Khuzestan Iran have been underwater to the Zagros Mountains.


Persian Gulf National Day

One of the actions of the Iranian government to protect the Persian Gulf spiritual and cultural heritage was to recognize the Gulf National Day in the official calendar of the country. In this regard, in July 2005, the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution called the Persian Gulf National Day the 10th of April, which coincided with the expulsion of the Portuguese from the Strait of Hormuz.


The Economic Importance of the Gulf

The Gulf"s biggest factor is the presence of oil and gas mines on the bottom of the bed and its coasts, as the region has named "the world"s oil tanker". The Persian Gulf is a transit route for Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, and is therefore an important and strategic area. About 30 percent of the world"s oil comes from the Gulf region, which sometimes increases and sometimes decreases. The oil produced in the Gulf region should be transported through this blue zone and through the Strait of Hormuz to the rest of the world. The South Pars gas field is the world"s largest gas field, which has been struggling to buy and earn points for energy supplies between the two poles of Eastern Europe and Southeast Asia, such as Pakistan, India and China, in recent years.

According to the latest estimates, the Gulf region has proven to be about 730 billion barrels of oil reserves and more than 70 trillion cubic meters of natural gas. There are also significant ports on the Persian Gulf which include Bandar Abbas, Bushehr, Bandar Lengeh, Kish, Khorramshahr and Mahshahr port in Iran, and Sharjah, Dubai and Abu Dhabi in the UAE, and the port of Basra and Faw in Iraq.


Persian Gulf islands

There are many islands in the Persian Gulf, some of which are of low importance and some of the highest importance. Most of the Persian Gulf islands belong to Iran. The major islands of Persian Gulf include Qeshm, Bahrain, Kish, Kharg Island, Abu Musa, the Great Tunb, Little Tunb and Lavan Island.

Of the Gulf States, more than 30 residential and non-residential islands belong to Iran. Some of these islands are under water due to the drainage of water (rocks and modes) and are non-residential.




Throughout its history, Iranians have participated in wars, depending on their military power. In some of these wars, victory has taken place, and some others have failed, in addition to many deaths, parts of Iranian soil have also been lost. But the study of Persian Wars shows that most of the wars between Iran and other countries have not been motivated to achieve wealth, and they have not been robbed of looting, and these wars either have a defensive aspect or a power-hungry aspect, even the ancient kings, including Great Kourosh, Conquer a lot without violence or looting other countries.


In the following, we will get acquainted with some of Iran"s most important history wars:


During the Achaemenid period, Iran entered eleven military battles, in which Achaemenid troops won seven wars, and four wars were accompanied by the defeat of Iranians. The most important of these wars include the Iran-Egypt War and the Greek-Persian wars.


Parthians and Sasanians

During the Parthian period, Iranians experienced six wars. The most important of these wars can be the war on Armenia, which occupies the entire territory of Armenia. In the pre-Islamic period, the Sasanians, as the powerful rival of the Roman government, carried out numerous wars with that state, and these conflicts continued until the end of their rule, and when Iran and the time of Rome conquered these wars.
The Sassanid captured vast territories on its territory, but this powerful and great government ultimately overwhelmed the power of the Muslim Arabs, and the Arabs attacked Iran with the least opportunity and succeeded in defeating the Sassanid government.


Arabs attack

The Arab invasion of Iran, or the "Conquest of Iran by Muslims," refers to the series of attacks on the Sassanid Empire in the 7th century, which began at the time of the caliphate of Abu Bakr, and at the time of Uthman, led to the collapse of the Sassanid state. These attacks also added Iran to The realm of Islamic caliphate. The conquest of Iran was the beginning of a gradual process of Iranian conversion into Islam, which lasted for several centuries.


Mongol invasion

One of the most terrible incidents that inflicted irreparable blows on Iran"s culture and civilization was the confusion of the Mongol invasion of Iran. Mongol invasion has caused more damage than cultural and spiritual damage. In this attack, scientific and cultural centers, like many libraries, were burnt down and destroyed. Many large cities have disappeared, followed by the lowest growth centers. Reducing the population and capturing and sending Iranian artisans to Mongolia led to a recession in Iran, and the destruction of the Qanats built over the centuries has led to a recession in agriculture.


Other Governments

In the Safavid period, the Persians saw eight wars. Afsharian, Qajar, and Pahlavi brought wars to Iran, some of which led to the plunder of part of the country"s land. Nadir Shah Afshar defeated the Afghans and, while dominating the entire territory of Iran, established the Afshar dynasty and had campaigns in India.
During the Qajar period, the influence of colonial powers such as Britain and Czarist Russia in Iran was developed and these powers, by imposing treaties such as Turkmenchay, Golestan, and Paris, split the vast territories in Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia and Khorasan from Iran.


Iran - Iraq war

The Iraq war with Iran, known in Iran as the "imposed war", was the longest war in the twentieth century and the second longest war in this century after the Vietnam War, which lasted nearly eight years.
The war broke out officially on 22 September 1980 and ended on 20 August 1988.





Pistachio is one of the earliest edible nuts, and is commonly used throughout the world. This smelly, delicious and elegant used in all traditional Persian ceremonies like Norouz, Yalda"s night, as well as in the marriage table. Persian Pistachios is one of the best and most delicious types of pistachios. In the world, it is ranked first in terms of production and exports.

The pistachio production in Iran in 2005 was 190,000, placing Iran at the top of the world. After Iran, the United States produced 140,000 and Turkey with 60,000 tons. The production of pistachios in Iran is mostly done in the cities of Zarand, Rafsanjan, Ferdows, Damghan, Sirjan and Qazvin.

Pistachio tree is a plant species that grows in countries like Iran, Syria, Turkmenistan and western Afghanistan. Pistachio is a Persian word and has been translated into Europe by Latin through Persian. Pistachio tree is relatively resistant to the conditions and it tolerates very high temperatures in the summer. This tree needs a sunny position and the soil has a proper drainage. Long and warm summers are needed to get the fruit properly.


Smelling pistachio

The smelling of pistachios is one of the main features that, apart from other features, alone has a significant impact on its pricing in international trade. Although this feature is a natural phenomenon associated with the arrival of pistachio, but atmospheric fluctuations, soil poverty and soil richness, harvesting time and other known or unknown causes have an important influence on the ratio of smelly and not smelly pistachios and, nevertheless, every year are part of Pistachio is not smelly that is mostly smelled by artificial methods.  However, using this method, most not smelly pistachios easily and at little cost are smiles, but the taste and smell of pistachios smelled by this method often returns quickly and undesirable.


Pistachio variety

Generally, pistachio types are divided into two groups of round and long, but traditionally in Iran about 90 species of pistachio are known; some of them are widely and commercially, and some are distributed sporadically and finely. . Among the most important types of pistachios known in the Iranian market are Pistachio Fandogi, Pistachio Ahmad Aghaei, Pistachio Kalleh ghouchi and Pistachi Akbari.


Pistachio keeping method

The best way to keep nuts is to keep inside the freezer to prevent aflatoxin fungus from growing on the surface of the seeds and brains.


Pistachio slices

Pistachio slice is one of the best pistachio exporter products in Iran, due to its very green, oily, and first-class flavors all over the world. This product is used in Iran for many uses, such as use in confectionery, food, ice cream shops, as well as exports to many countries. The quality of pistachio slices depends on the amount of greenness, the goodness of the slices, as well as the taste and oil. Some of the pistachios that are suitable for pistachio production are Qazvin pistachios. Qazvin pistachios have very good green color, as well as good taste and oil, which make this product very suitable for producing slices.


Benefits and Disadvantages of Pistachio

Pistachios are rich in copper, magnesium, and all kinds of B vitamins, which strengthen the immune system and prevent many diseases. Vitamin B6 is essential for maintaining the function of the immune system. Pistachio use also helps to make red blood cells. Pistachio is one of the best sources of potassium, with potassium levels equal to orange potassium.
Pistachio consumption, which is rich in vitamin E, is beneficial to the skin because vitamin E protects the skin from ultraviolet radiation damage. Pistachio is one of the brains that has the highest amount of dietary fiber and can help lower the level of cholesterol and glucose in addition to improving digestion. Pistachio is also useful as an iron source for the prevention of anemia.

Pistachio has many harmful effects besides its many benefits. The pistachios are hot and dry, and their high eating tends to warm the body and hives and red beans in the skin. The consumption of large quantities of pistachios brings with it problems such as obesity, hypertension, intestinal diseases, stomach, and so on. Also, the daily consumption of salty pistachios can increase the risk of blood pressure.



Caviar is actually a fish egg, called fish caviar or sturgeon. These fish are mainly heavyweight and weigh more than 100 kilograms. Since 90% of the world"s caviar is caught from the Caspian Sea, Persian caviar has a high reputation and quality. That"s why it is called "Black Caspian Gold". On the eastern shores of the Caspian Sea, especially the shores of the Turkmen port, is the most important fish caviar hunting place that only half of Iran"s caviar can be found there.

The value of fish caviar is not due to the use of meat, but because of its eggs, which is known as caviar or black pearl. Golden caviar, red and black are caviar types, among which black caviar has a higher value, although the nutritional value is almost the same.


The value of caviar"s nutrition

Caviar is a delicious meal that only some people can enjoy from it. But this food has many benefits. The caviar contains 35% protein, 64% fat and only 1% carbohydrates. Each tablespoon of caviar brings about 40 kilos of energy, 4 grams of protein and 3 grams of fat per body. Among its low saturated fats, and vice versa, unsaturated fats are higher, so like other aquatic products, it is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids and 30% of daily cholesterol.

The protein contained in the caviar has a high quality, meaning that all essential amino acids are appropriate for the body with proper proportions. Caviar consumption prevents depression and cardiovascular disease, because in the caviar there is a hybrid concentration called fatty acids, which is very high in omega-3 alcohol.

It is also very effective in nerve cell health. In countries where fish and caviar have a special place in food habits, the incidence of depression is much lower than in other countries. The caviar is also rich in iron, which is why it is also recommended to people with iron deficiency anemia.


The best caviar type

The best caviar belongs to the fish elephant, so to purchase the caviar should importance to type and grading because any kind of fish caviar is different in qualitative grade. The age of fish is one of the factors influencing caviar quality. Higher bass fishes have higher quality caviar, even larger. But younger fish have smaller eggs but a more refined taste that is more compatible with taste. Another important factor in caviar quality is its appearance, transparency, taste, odor, uniformity of ovum and color. If the eggs do not reach the stage, they are smaller and if they pass from time to time, they will lose their appearance and have a press and softness so caviar seeds should not be soft and also be so rigid that they will not be crushed in mouth.


Consumption instruction

Caviar is used in many different ways, depending on the culture and taste of people in each region. Many people eat it raw or with egg yolk or onion, and some eat it with fragrant vegetables or a small piece of bread and butter. Some caviar enthusiasts tend to cool it with a little spoon and no bread. Some smell of fish like it and its passion taste, although the taste and smell of caviar may not be pleasant at all.


Saffron is a spice that has a pleasant smell and comes from a plant of the same name. The saffron plant is from the lily family. This plant is native to Iran and is mostly planted in Khorasan. The reproduction of this plant is carried out by planting onions. Persian saffron has a high reputation and quality, and Iran is the largest saffron producer in the world and it is considered to be Iran"s most valuable export commodities.Saffron is a plant that is renowned for its high value in red gold  and due to the high cost of saffron; it is difficult to manually extract the number of sprouts that are only part of the saffron plant. To obtain a profitable yield of saffron, a lot of flowers are needed.

Saffron is a herb that can be grown in hard biological conditions. This plant only needs water on the 1st of November and it will suffice for the first spring of rain and snow. Saffron is a vegetable that does not cost much for transportation.


Best saffron

The best type of saffron is like a crimson thread, the bottom half of which is white and the upper half of it is red. Whatever it’s with part is smaller, it is the better and more quality. You can also recognize the quality saffron from its specific smell.

Application of Saffron

Due to the special position and medicinal properties of saffron, its aroma and its specific flavor, the use of this product in Iran and other countries is widely used in the food and pharmaceutical industries, and due to these features, it has a very high price. Saffron is used to bake many Persian cuisines, especially in soups and stew, and to decorate and bake rice at parties.

Saffron can be used in the food industry, such as:
Provide all kinds of sweets and cooking
Natural colorant in many beverages, ice cream and confectionary industry
Use in sausage production and all types of dairy products


Recently, according to research carried out on this plant, saffron has many medicinal properties that can be used as a preventive therapist for diseases, including cancer prevention, learning and memory enhancement, Late maturity, ual enhancement, cure for colds and . Saffron is also a relaxing nerve and a mental healer. 

The properties of saffron have made it a healthy spice. However, at times it is better to avoid it. It is better not to use this spice during pregnancy. Also, excessive doses of this substance (more than 1 or 2 tbsp) can cause you to get poisoned.




One of the most popular pets that have a good relationship with humans is cats. Particularly, if these cats have long and shiny, round face and bright eyes, they will be added to their charm. These are the same characteristics of Persian cats In addition to the glamorous appearance; it has a lot of intelligence and calm, kind and loving behavior. Iranian cats, not only in Iran, but also in many countries of the world, have a lot of fans and can easily communicate with humans. These cats will love life more quietly and without crowds.


History of Persian cat

The true history of Persian cats has remained somewhat mysterious due to lack of racial intelligence. What is clear is that Persian or Asian cats have been exhibited for several centuries and first appeared at the first cat show held in Crystal Palace in 1871. Since then, the first fans of this breed have tried to bring Persian cats to the current standard. In fact, this race has not changed much since its first unveiling.



The cats usually have medium and large and short legs. These cats are round and large face that their coarse, calm and pleasant eyes, the most distinctive feature of their beautiful face. They also have a nose, a short, round head, and a strong chin with wide of jaws. Their neck is also thick and short.



Like other cat breeds, Persian girls also like to follow a steady stream and hate any change for any reason. They tend to eat at certain times and do not like to move home appliances. Quick cats prefer quiet surroundings to busy and tumultuous places. They enjoy being with their owner and caressing them. However, they do not have the necessary and dependent nature and can be left to them for a while, but they should not be overly abandoned in excess of them. Persian breeds are very clever, but they never run fast and prefer to think before anything. They also communicate well with dogs, especially when they are raised with each other.


Maintenance and cleaning

This breed should be cleaned continuously to ensure the health of their skin and hair. Persian cats need to eat well with a diet that meets all their nutritional needs throughout their lives, especially at an early age and aging.
Persian cats require a lot of clean hair due to their long and beautiful hair. Their hair should be regularly combed to prevent the formation of the knot.
Their eyes also require constant grooming to prevent the tears from drying or indulgencing. Their ears are also of great importance. If there is a lot of fat in the ear, it"s possible that it becomes a painful infection that will be difficult to remove.



The best food for these cats is food that is most nutritionally similar to what cats eat in nature. One of the most important features of hairbrushes is their long and thick hair. To care for these beautiful hair, they should have vitamins such as biotin, fatty acids such as omega 3 and 6, and minerals such as zinc and iron.



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