The Persian Gulf is a canal that runs along the Oman Sea and between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. Its area is 237,473 square kilometers, followed by the Gulf of Mexico and the Hudson Gulf, the third largest gulf in the world.


The historical name of this gulf, in different languages, has been translated as "Persian Gulf" or "Pars Sea". Also in all international organizations the official name of the Gulf is Persian Gulf, but some Arab countries call it the Arabian Gulf or simply the Gulf. International water organization uses the name "Persian Gulf" for this gulf.


 


History of Gulf Genesis

Geologists believe that about five hundred thousand years ago, the first Persian Gulf was formed along the southern plains of Iran, and over time, it became a constant form due to changes in the internal and external structure of the earth. Persian Gulf at the beginning was very extensive so that by the end of the third period of geology most of the plains of Borazjan, Behbahan and Khuzestan Iran have been underwater to the Zagros Mountains.


 


Persian Gulf National Day

One of the actions of the Iranian government to protect the Persian Gulf spiritual and cultural heritage was to recognize the Gulf National Day in the official calendar of the country. In this regard, in July 2005, the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution called the Persian Gulf National Day the 10th of April, which coincided with the expulsion of the Portuguese from the Strait of Hormuz.


 


The Economic Importance of the Gulf

The Gulf"s biggest factor is the presence of oil and gas mines on the bottom of the bed and its coasts, as the region has named "the world"s oil tanker". The Persian Gulf is a transit route for Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, and is therefore an important and strategic area. About 30 percent of the world"s oil comes from the Gulf region, which sometimes increases and sometimes decreases. The oil produced in the Gulf region should be transported through this blue zone and through the Strait of Hormuz to the rest of the world. The South Pars gas field is the world"s largest gas field, which has been struggling to buy and earn points for energy supplies between the two poles of Eastern Europe and Southeast Asia, such as Pakistan, India and China, in recent years.


According to the latest estimates, the Gulf region has proven to be about 730 billion barrels of oil reserves and more than 70 trillion cubic meters of natural gas. There are also significant ports on the Persian Gulf which include Bandar Abbas, Bushehr, Bandar Lengeh, Kish, Khorramshahr and Mahshahr port in Iran, and Sharjah, Dubai and Abu Dhabi in the UAE, and the port of Basra and Faw in Iraq.


 


Persian Gulf islands


There are many islands in the Persian Gulf, some of which are of low importance and some of the highest importance. Most of the Persian Gulf islands belong to Iran. The major islands of Persian Gulf include Qeshm, Bahrain, Kish, Kharg Island, Abu Musa, the Great Tunb, Little Tunb and Lavan Island.

Of the Gulf States, more than 30 residential and non-residential islands belong to Iran. Some of these islands are under water due to the drainage of water (rocks and modes) and are non-residential.


 



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