Undoubtedly, one of the most important symbols of Iranian culture and identity is Persian carpets. This is a very beautiful and valuable art of many years, tied to the name of Iran and is the result of the artist hands of the people of this land.


From the past, the carpet has enjoyed a special status among Iranians, as one of the main items in the decoration of Iranian homes. In the past, the use of furniture and chairs in Iranian homes was not so common and used only for the upper floors of society. For this reason, most Iranians used carpets as a cover for their homes.


 


History of Persian Carpet


Although the date of the beginning of the carpet"s texture is not well known, and it is unclear that carpet’s texture began which area, but most historians and archaeologists are united, Iranians are among the first ethnic groups who started carpet weaving. But the Safavian period should be considered as the period of Iranian carpet flourishing. During the Safavian period, due to the interest of the kings of this era, especially Shah Abbas Safavi, in Iranian culture and art, the carpet industry was booming and reached its peak. Shah Abbas established a workshop Carpet weaving, along with its royal palaces; direct the weavers to ensure their texture quality and elegance.


 


According to the website of the International Carpet Association, the oldest carpet in the world, Pazirik carpet, is an entirely Iranian Achaemenid work, which is now held at the Armitage Museum of Russia. There is an innumerable evidence of the Iranianity of this carpet; the horses and the yellow-colored Persian Deer and Gazelle, all related to Is a special Iranian race. Also, the style of work (knitting) is in Iran"s carpet weaving. If we accept Pazirik as the oldest Iranian carpet, the carpet weaving date in Iran dates back to 500 BC, more than 2,000 years ago.


 


Carpet weaving is common in almost all Iranian cities, and most Iranian women have enjoyed this beautiful art. But cities like Tabriz, Kashan and Kerman are among the oldest carpet centers in Iran. In 2014, the city of Tabriz became the world"s capital for world carpet by UNESCO.


 


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