Pistachio is one of the earliest edible nuts, and is commonly used throughout the world. This smelly, delicious and elegant used in all traditional Persian ceremonies like Norouz, Yalda"s night, as well as in the marriage table. Persian Pistachios is one of the best and most delicious types of pistachios. In the world, it is ranked first in terms of production and exports.


The pistachio production in Iran in 2005 was 190,000, placing Iran at the top of the world. After Iran, the United States produced 140,000 and Turkey with 60,000 tons. The production of pistachios in Iran is mostly done in the cities of Zarand, Rafsanjan, Ferdows, Damghan, Sirjan and Qazvin.


Pistachio tree is a plant species that grows in countries like Iran, Syria, Turkmenistan and western Afghanistan. Pistachio is a Persian word and has been translated into Europe by Latin through Persian. Pistachio tree is relatively resistant to the conditions and it tolerates very high temperatures in the summer. This tree needs a sunny position and the soil has a proper drainage. Long and warm summers are needed to get the fruit properly.


 


Smelling pistachio


The smelling of pistachios is one of the main features that, apart from other features, alone has a significant impact on its pricing in international trade. Although this feature is a natural phenomenon associated with the arrival of pistachio, but atmospheric fluctuations, soil poverty and soil richness, harvesting time and other known or unknown causes have an important influence on the ratio of smelly and not smelly pistachios and, nevertheless, every year are part of Pistachio is not smelly that is mostly smelled by artificial methods.  However, using this method, most not smelly pistachios easily and at little cost are smiles, but the taste and smell of pistachios smelled by this method often returns quickly and undesirable.


 


Pistachio variety


Generally, pistachio types are divided into two groups of round and long, but traditionally in Iran about 90 species of pistachio are known; some of them are widely and commercially, and some are distributed sporadically and finely. . Among the most important types of pistachios known in the Iranian market are Pistachio Fandogi, Pistachio Ahmad Aghaei, Pistachio Kalleh ghouchi and Pistachi Akbari.


 


Pistachio keeping method


The best way to keep nuts is to keep inside the freezer to prevent aflatoxin fungus from growing on the surface of the seeds and brains.


 


Pistachio slices

Pistachio slice is one of the best pistachio exporter products in Iran, due to its very green, oily, and first-class flavors all over the world. This product is used in Iran for many uses, such as use in confectionery, food, ice cream shops, as well as exports to many countries. The quality of pistachio slices depends on the amount of greenness, the goodness of the slices, as well as the taste and oil. Some of the pistachios that are suitable for pistachio production are Qazvin pistachios. Qazvin pistachios have very good green color, as well as good taste and oil, which make this product very suitable for producing slices.


 


Benefits and Disadvantages of Pistachio

Pistachios are rich in copper, magnesium, and all kinds of B vitamins, which strengthen the immune system and prevent many diseases. Vitamin B6 is essential for maintaining the function of the immune system. Pistachio use also helps to make red blood cells. Pistachio is one of the best sources of potassium, with potassium levels equal to orange potassium.
Pistachio consumption, which is rich in vitamin E, is beneficial to the skin because vitamin E protects the skin from ultraviolet radiation damage. Pistachio is one of the brains that has the highest amount of dietary fiber and can help lower the level of cholesterol and glucose in addition to improving digestion. Pistachio is also useful as an iron source for the prevention of anemia.


Pistachio has many harmful effects besides its many benefits. The pistachios are hot and dry, and their high eating tends to warm the body and hives and red beans in the skin. The consumption of large quantities of pistachios brings with it problems such as obesity, hypertension, intestinal diseases, stomach, and so on. Also, the daily consumption of salty pistachios can increase the risk of blood pressure.


 



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